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Khodabakhshi-Koolaee ‎ A, Qeibi F. Comparison of the Religious Beliefs and Psychological Well-‎being of Depressed and Non-depressed Elderly Women. Islamic Life Style 2018; 2 (2) :77-81
URL: http://islamiclifej.com/article-1-33-en.html
1- Psychology & Education Department, Humanities Faculty, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran , a.khodabakhshid@khatam.ac.ir
2- Psychology Department, Humanities Faculty, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
Abstract:   (4930 Views)
Aims: Depression is one of the most common psychological disorders in the aging period that leads to a decrease in the mental health and well-being of elderly people.  Faith and religious beliefs as well as the acceptance of reality of aging can be a factor in reducing the symptoms of depression. The aim of this study was to compare the religious beliefs and psychological well-being of depressed and non-depressed elderly women.
Instrument & Methods: The present descriptive research is a causal-comparative study. The population of this study included all elderly women, who were the members of Jahandidegan center in District 1 of Tehran Municipality during 2016, of whom 75 depressed and 75 non-depressed elderly were selected by available sampling method. The research instruments were Allport and Russ Religious Orientation Scale, Reef’s Psychological Well-Being Scale, and Geriatric Depression Scale. The data were analyzed by independent T test, using SPSS 22.
Findings: There was a significant difference between religious beliefs (t=-7.46) and psychological well-being (t=-5.36) in depressed and non-depressed elderly women, and mean scores of these two variables were significantly higher in non-depressed women than in depressed women (p=0.001).
Conclusion: Religious beliefs and psychological well-being are higher in non-depressed elderly women than in depressed elderly women.
Full-Text [PDF 498 kb]   (2092 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/12/6 | Published: 2018/04/18

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