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Bahrami Ehsan H, Zeraatkar H, Alinejad N. Correlation of Depression Components Based on Holy Qur’an and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. Islamic Life Style. 2018; 2 (3) :137-143
URL: http://islamiclifej.com/article-1-209-en.html
1- Clinical Psychology Department, Psychology Faculty, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2- Psychology Faculty, Dr Kardan Street, Front Side Nasr Bridge (Gisha), Jalal Al Ahmad Highway, Tehran, Iran , Zeraatkar@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4347 Views)
Aims: Characteristics of depression such as chronicity and its severity are related to personality pathology, and one of the most widely used and objective tools for the diagnosis of psychiatric pathology and personality traits in medical and research centers is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory; thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of depression components based on Holy Qur’an and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI).
Instruments and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted among all students of Tehran University in 2016. 306 individuals (153 women and 153 men) between the ages of 20 and 50 years were selected by convenience sampling method. The "Qur’an-based Depression Scale" and "long-form MMPI" were used as a research tool. The data were analyzed by SPSS 22 software, using Stepwise regression analysis.
Findings: There was a positive and significant correlation between isolated depression with dimensions of depression, psychosocial deviation, paranoia, psychological weakness and social introversion, emptiness depression with dimensions of depression, paranoia, psychological weakness and social introversion, as well as spiritual depression with dimensions of psychological weakness and social introversion, self-bias depression with dimensions of depression, psychosocial deviation, paranoia, psychological weakness and social introversion and double depression with dimensions of Hypochondriasis, mania, and schizophrenia. Different types of depression from Qur’anic perspective (predictive variables) were able to predict changes in personality variables of MMPI (criterion variables).
Conclusion: There is a correlation between the dimensions of depression from the perspective of the Holy Qur'an and the clinical scale of the Minnesota test, and both scales measure one structure, despite different theoretical bases.
Full-Text [PDF 455 kb]   (716 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/07/10 | Published: 2018/09/8

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